India has traditionally been seen as a country that sends rather than receives international students, but a large number of students from elsewhere are now choosing to study in India, with the country welcoming more than 30,000 international students every year.
With the world’s second largest population (after China), and a fast-growing and influential economy, it’s unsurprising that India’s higher education system has undergone rapid expansion over the past few decades. India now has one of the largest higher education systems in the world (after China and the United States) – and, to an outsider, perhaps one of the most complex. There are thousands of colleges and universities in India to choose from, of many different types, sizes, specializations and origins, some state-run, others private.
India’s higher education system was ranked 26th in the world in the world by QS and is especially well-known for the quality of its education in engineering and technology subjects, spearheaded by the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore and the prestigious Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs). There are currently 23 of these, located around the country, focusing mainly on engineering, technology and science disciplines.
A total of 75 top universities in India feature in the first ever QS India University Rankings, with mainly IITs in the top 10. Aside from the science and technology specialists, some of the highest-ranked comprehensive universities are the University of Hyderabad (ranked seventh in India), the Uniuversity of Delhi (eighth), the University of Calcutta (11th) and Jadavpur University (12th).